Introduction to CNC Lathe

Introduction to CNC Lathe

CNC lathes and turning centers are high-precision and high-efficiency automated machine tools. Equipped with a multi-station turret or power turret, the machine tool has a wide range of machining performance, and can process linear cylinders, oblique cylinders, arcs and various threads, grooves, worms and other complex workpieces, with linear interpolation, arcs Interpolate various compensation functions, and play a good economic effect in the mass production of complex parts.

“CNC” is the abbreviation for Computerized Numerical Control in English. The CNC machine aluminum cutting tool automatically processes the processed parts according to the pre-programmed machining program. We put the part’s machining process route, process parameters, tool motion trajectory, displacement, cutting parameters (spindle revolutions, feed, back tooling, etc.) and auxiliary functions (tool change, spindle forward, reverse, etc.) Cutting fluid on, off, etc.), according to the instruction code and program format specified by the CNC machine tool, write a machining program list, and then record the content of the program list on the control medium (such as punched paper tape, magnetic tape, disk, magnetic bubble memory) ), and then input into the numerical control device of the numerical control machine tool to command the machine tool to process parts.

This whole process from the analysis of the part drawing to the preparation of the control medium is called the compilation of the numerical control program. The difference between CNC machine aluminum cutting tools and ordinary machine tools machining parts is that CNC machine tools automatically process parts according to the program, while ordinary machine tools must be operated by humans. We can achieve the purpose of machining different parts by changing the program that controls the motion of the machine tool. Therefore, CNC machine tools are particularly suitable for machining small batches of parts with complex shapes and high precision requirements.

Since the CNC machine aluminum cutting tool must process the parts according to the program, after the programmer has compiled the program, it is input into the CNC device to direct the work of the machine tool. The input of the program is through the control medium.


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