How to prevent and treat children’s sensorineural deafness

Sensorineural deafness

How to prevent and treat children’s sensorineural deafness

Children’s sensorineural deafness can be divided into hereditary and non-hereditary factors. To understand how children’s sensorineural deafness can prevent further hearing loss.

For children with hereditary sensorineural deafness, it is necessary to check whether the parents or one of the families have rickets. Women who are older than 35 have a first birth, and the chances of a neonatal “trisomy syndrome” increase, which can be accompanied by hearing problems. Some hereditary syndromes exhibit multiple malformations and can also involve auditory organs.

More is non-genetic sensorineural deafness, with congenital and acquired nature.

Most of the congenital sensorineural hearing loss is caused by hearing damage during pregnancy and childbirth. In the early months of pregnancy, if pregnant women are infected with rubella virus, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis, herpes virus or treponema pallidum and cause intrauterine infection, it will cause irreversible sensorineural hearing loss. In the winter and spring season, it is prone to viral infection. Pregnant women may have a rash and only have a mild cold. They should be tested for serum antibodies. Trauma caused by the use of forceps during childbirth, severe asphyxia caused by dystocia, neonatal nuclear jaundice, maternal and child blood type Rh factor incompatibility or ABO hemolysis, premature low birth weight infant, fetal virus or other non-bacterial infection can cause hearing loss .

Acquired sensorineural hearing loss is a hearing loss caused by bacterial viral infection, drug poisoning or trauma during the child’s growth. Children with meningitis, meningitis, tuberculous encephalitis, mumps, measles, rubella, chickenpox, herpes, etc. may cause a sharp decline in cochlear function. The abuse of aminoglycoside antibiotics (such as streptomycin, gentamicin, neomycin, kanamycin, small noromycin, etc.) is the main cause of severe sensorineural hearing loss in children in China. In many areas with poor health work, the use of such antibiotics to treat children with fever, pneumonia and other diseases has caused hearing disability in children. Traumatic brain injury may also cause damage to the structure of the inner ear.

For children with sensorineural hearing loss, parents should pay enough attention.

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