Brazilian deaf people over 10 million surveys: 80% of elderly patients without hearing aidsCindy
Recently, a survey conducted by the Brazilian research institute Locomotiva and the ” Deaf People ‘s Accessibility Week” jointly showed that the number of deaf people nationwide reached 10.7 million, of which 2.3 million had severe hearing impairment.Of the elderly deaf patients interviewed, 87% did not wear hearing aids .
According to reports, by sex, men accounted for 54% of the total number of deaf people, and women accounted for 46%.According to age, 57% of hearing-impaired patients are elderly people over 60 years old.According to the survey data, 9% of all deafness are congenital deafness , 91% are acquired disability, and half of the latter are under 50 years old.The data also showed that 15% of people with severe hearing impairment were congenital deafness .
“The hearing impairment is a type of disability and has been deteriorating for many years,” said Meireles, head of Locomotiva.Brazil is gradually entering an age of aging. At present, the number of people over the age of 50 has reached 59 million. It is expected that the data will exceed 98 million in 2050.Obviously, society is not prepared for this. ”He emphasized that it is becoming more and more important to provide inclusive work and living environment for deaf people during the period of increasing elderly population in the country.
According to statistics, two-thirds of deaf people said that they will encounter obstacles in their daily activities.The lack of social acceptance and inclusiveness limits the employment opportunities and educational attainment of deaf people.Of all the deaf people, only 7% completed higher education; 15% completed high school; 46% only received basic education; and 32% had no education.
According to the report, 20% of elderly deaf patients cannot go out alone, only 37% enter the labor market, and 87% do not wear hearing aids.Meireles explained: “This is because hearing aid equipment is too expensive for most people and difficult to buy.”
He also said: “Because hearing impaired patients have lower educational opportunities than normal hearing, the chances of getting a job in the job market are lower than ordinary people, so it is more difficult for deaf people to earn enough money to buy hearing aids.Many prejudices in society form a vicious circle, which causes deaf people to have no equal opportunities in life to those with normal hearing. ”
A 30-year-old deaf woman in São Paulo said in an investigation: “When I first started working, people thought that I could not complete the task.It took them a long time to believe that I have the ability to work, but sometimes I still look at me with discrimination and distrust, just because I am in such a situation (with hearing impairment). ”
The survey was conducted from September 1st to 5th. A total of 1,500 deaf patients and normal hearing people were interviewed. According to the data, 90% of Brazilians are in favor of defending deafness.
According to statistics, the southeastern part of Brazil has the most deafness, accounting for 42% of the total number of such patients in the country, followed by 26% in the northeast and 19% in the south, and the lowest in the central and western regions. 6% and 7%.Among all hearing-impaired patients in China, 28% also suffer from certain types of visual impairment, and 2% also suffer from mental retardation.
According to data from the World Health Organization (OMS), there are currently about 500 million deaf patients worldwide, and the data is expected to increase to 1 billion in 2050.